Fee for Service
- Fee for Service urban wood programs can produce income. For example, one study that analyzed data from an urban tree utilization and secondary processing company found that $40,523 was generated from just 313 logs. Tinus, C.A. and LaMana, M. (2013). Conversion efficiency and economics of urban wood utilization. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 39(1), 25-30.
Sawn Wood Products
- Sawn wood products recovered from urban wood sources have the potential to demonstrate superior carbon sequestration effects compared to other uses and sources of wood due to their value as a feedstock product. MacFarlane, D.W. (2008). Potential availability of urban wood biomass in Michigan: Implications for energy production, carbon sequestration and sustainable forest management in the U.S.A. Department of Forestry, Michigan State University.
Municipal Solid Waste
- Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), which includes brush clippings to entire trees, can generate an impressive array of final products that range from low value (mulch, pellets) to high value (lumber from a quality or rare local tree), providing revenue to fund resource management. Jacobson, K., Sorensen, L. (2010). Twin Cities-Markets for urban wood with an emphasis on ash. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry.
- Producing lumber and other wood products from municipal solid waste (MSW) can reduce the harvest of timber in natural ecosystems, diminishing the strain placed on forest habitats. Sherrill, S.B. (2003). Harvesting urban timber: A complete guide. Linden Publishing, Fresno, CA.