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Exposure to nature in home environments restores attention to task and promotes self-discipline -- leading to improved academic performance and social development.

Andrea Faber Taylor, Frances E. Kuo, William C. Sullivan, Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2001.

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Children growing up in the inner city are at risk of academic underachievement, juvenile delinquency, teenage pregnancy, and other important negative outcomes. Avoiding these outcomes requires self-discipline. Self-discipline, in turn, may draw on directed attention, a limited resource that can be renewed through contact with nature. This study examined the relationship between near-home nature and three forms of self-discipline in 169 inner city girls and boys randomly assigned to 12 architecturally identical high-rise buildings with varying levels of nearby nature.

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